Dogs https://mag.uchicago.edu/tags/dogs en 2019 world pup https://mag.uchicago.edu/university-news/2019-world-pup <div class="field field--name-field-letter-box-story-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/story/images/19Winter_Chung_WorldPup.jpg" width="1686" height="1080" alt="2019 world pup" title="2019 world pup" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/profile/admin" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Wed, 02/13/2019 - 10:40</span> <div class="field field--name-field-caption field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Caroline Olivero, AB’18, and second-year Bryce Millington with Cora after their game. Cora can be frequently spotted dribbling a ball across the quads, even in snow. (Photography by Zola Yi, Class of 2020)</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-refauthors field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field--label sr-only">Author</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field--item"> <div about="/author/jeanie-chung"> <a href="/author/jeanie-chung"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Jeanie Chung</div> </a> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refsource field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/publication-sources/core" hreflang="en">The Core</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-text field--label-hidden field--item">Winter/19</div> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Meet Cora, the soccer-playing border collie.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>“She’s a little bit of a presence on campus,” says <strong>Jane Dailey</strong>, associate professor in history, the Law School, and the College, of her 12-year-old border collie Cora, also known as “the soccer dog.”</p> <p>As word of Cora’s ball handling skills spread, last spring UChicago Athletics arranged an informal game with some two-legged soccer players: <strong>Caroline Olivero</strong>, AB’18, and second-year <strong>Bryce Millington</strong>.</p> <p>Cora started chasing soccer balls around the family home as a puppy. When she’s on her game, “another dog can sniff her and she won’t even acknowledge its presence,” says Dailey. “She’ll dribble a tennis ball too. It’s just her thing.”</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-reftopic field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/topics/university-news" hreflang="en">University News</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/dogs" hreflang="en">Dogs</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refuchicago field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/college" hreflang="en">The College</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/student-life" hreflang="en">Student Life</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refformats field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/formats/uchicago-creatures" hreflang="en">UChicago Creatures</a></div> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://mag.uchicago.edu/university-news/2019-world-pup" data-a2a-title="2019 world pup"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_google_plus"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fmag.uchicago.edu%2Funiversity-news%2F2019-world-pup&amp;title=2019%20world%20pup"></a></span> Wed, 13 Feb 2019 16:40:55 +0000 admin 7060 at https://mag.uchicago.edu Let Sleeping Dogs Lie https://mag.uchicago.edu/science-medicine/let-sleeping-dogs-lie <div class="field field--name-field-letter-box-story-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/Dogs10.jpg" width="2000" height="500" alt="collage fo dogs" title="dog collage" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/profile/mrsearcy" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">mrsearcy</span></span> <span>Thu, 03/08/2018 - 16:47</span> <div class="field field--name-field-refauthors field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field--label sr-only">Author</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field--item"> <div about="/author/maureen-searcy"> <a href="/author/maureen-searcy"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Maureen Searcy</div> </a> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refsource field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/publication-sources/web-exclusives" hreflang="en">Web exclusives</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-text field--label-hidden field--item">03.13.2018</div> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><i>µChicago</i> asks if itʼs ok to share your bed with your dog.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The February issue of <em>µChicago</em>, <a href="http://ard.uchicago.edu/email/news/science_newsletter/022518.html">Gut Feelings</a>, was all about circadian rhythms and the microbiome. Hungry people, fat mice, jet-lagged microbes, and sleepy dogs.</p> <p>The issue spotlighted research that suggests <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/543S48a">dogs increase microbial diversity</a>, and microbial diversity can boost your immune system. We posed the question: Is sharing a bed with your pooch bad for your health? (Scroll to the bottom for the answer.)</p> <p>We needed a dog model to illustrate this section, so we turned to our canine-loving coworkers. The issue could feature only one blanket-hogging dog, but all of these pooches are winners.</p> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Scout the dog" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="d041012e-e4e2-4b67-a696-b23ea7dbf7b8" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Dogs9.jpg" /><figcaption>Scout</figcaption></figure></div> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Gus the dog" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="2dd32f50-af11-4b62-9561-b8018810d464" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Dogs3.jpg" /><figcaption>Gus</figcaption></figure></div> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Em the dog" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="2df6567e-a098-44a4-b902-e9f04ccd3aa9" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Dogs.jpg" /><figcaption>Emily</figcaption></figure></div> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Mitzvah the dog" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="48c596cd-64c1-4216-9c56-0669798bdef3" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Dogs6.jpg" /><figcaption>Mitzvah</figcaption></figure></div> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Oliver the dog" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="2a3dd281-bbbc-4f38-b915-71ef06e27971" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Dogs8.jpg" /><figcaption>Oliver</figcaption></figure></div> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Mona the dog" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="f0e93005-e428-404e-8c68-68508c2b7e07" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Dogs7.jpg" /><figcaption>Mona</figcaption></figure></div> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="May Day the dog" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="6a018107-bfc5-484d-9aeb-a0c0290a5300" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Dogs5.jpg" /><figcaption>May Day</figcaption></figure></div> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Felix the dog" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="17e56f7b-586f-4c25-aa8c-5addcf0c8786" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Dogs2.jpg" /><figcaption>Felix</figcaption></figure></div> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Luci Lu and Cooper, dogs" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="cad08ff0-2d50-42e3-9525-b9d001ff8e60" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Dogs4.jpg" /><figcaption>Luci Lu and Cooper</figcaption></figure></div> <p>Share pictures of your bed-lounging dog(s) on Instagram and tag us (#uchicagoalumni) and <strong><a href="https://alumniandfriends.uchicago.edu/alumni-association/science-stories">sign up</a> </strong>to receive <em>µChicago</em> every month in your in-box.</p> <p>So is sharing a bed with your dog bad for your health? <a href="https://www.menshealth.com/health/is-sleeping-with-your-dog-in-the-bed-bad-for-your-health">It depends</a>.</p> <p>Are you allergic? Many dog lovers are and take meds or just deal, but the bed is best kept an allergen-free space.</p> <p>Are you a light sleeper? Restless pets can disrupt your sleep, leading to a variety of sleep-deprivation problems.</p> <p>Is your dog germy? (Yes, your dog is.) Exposure to outside germs may bolster your immune system, so most healthy people can safely snuggle up.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-reftopic field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/topics/science-medicine" hreflang="en">Science &amp; Medicine</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/microbiome" hreflang="en">microbiome</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/dogs" hreflang="en">Dogs</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refuchicago field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/university-chicago-medicine" hreflang="en">The University of Chicago Medicine</a></div> </div> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://mag.uchicago.edu/science-medicine/let-sleeping-dogs-lie" data-a2a-title="Let Sleeping Dogs Lie"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_google_plus"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fmag.uchicago.edu%2Fscience-medicine%2Flet-sleeping-dogs-lie&amp;title=Let%20Sleeping%20Dogs%20Lie"></a></span> Thu, 08 Mar 2018 22:47:43 +0000 mrsearcy 6846 at https://mag.uchicago.edu Pet love https://mag.uchicago.edu/university-news/pet-love <div class="field field--name-field-letter-box-story-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/18_Winter_Chung_PetLove.jpg" width="1932" height="1300" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/profile/admin" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Wed, 01/31/2018 - 14:40</span> <div class="field field--name-field-caption field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>To get Teddy the goldendoodle (a cross between a golden retriever and a poodle) to sit for photos, his owner frequently had to bribe him by holding a French fry just above the camera. (Photography by Anne Ryan)</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-refauthors field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field--label sr-only">Author</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field--item"> <div about="/author/jeanie-chung"> <a href="/author/jeanie-chung"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Jeanie Chung</div> </a> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refsource field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/publication-sources/core" hreflang="en">The Core</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-text field--label-hidden field--item">Winter/18</div> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Meet Teddy the therapy dog.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>“This is Teddy’s first time doing this work at a university,” says his owner and handler Cindy Gross. Teddy, a one-year-old goldendoodle, is by far the youngest and most outgoing of the five dogs at the quarterly <a href="https://wellness.uchicago.edu/page/pet-love-0">Pet Love</a> event, held at the McCormick Tribune Lounge in the Reynolds Club. All the dogs and their handlers work with the <a href="https://www.rainbowaat.org/">Rainbow Animal Assisted Therapy</a> organization—the dogs wear vests indicating as much.</p> <p>Teddy has mostly visited hospitals and rehabilitation centers, where he meets people one on one. But he’s a natural at Pet Love, where students gather around each dog to pet, snuggle, or just watch tricks. He works the crowd, greeting each person in the circle.</p> <p>“Oh my gosh, he’s so soft!” says one student, tickling Teddy under the chin.</p> <p>Another commands, “Sit.” The student’s eyes light up when Teddy offers his paw as well.</p> <p>On a table, <a href="http://wellness.uchicago.edu/">Student Health and Counseling Services</a> has laid out pens, Play-Doh, stress balls, coloring sheets, and pamphlets on stress management. They go largely ignored.</p> <p>“People come mostly for the dogs,” says grad student <strong>Hannah Wishart</strong>, student coordinator of the event.</p> <p>Capacity is limited to 10 students per dog. There’s a line early on, but eventually everyone gets a turn.</p> <p>After spending a few minutes with Teddy’s colleague Palin, an eight-year-old golden retriever, two women stand up and brush long yellow hairs off their black pants. “It doesn’t matter,” one says. “I’m so happy.”</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-reftopic field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/topics/university-news" hreflang="en">University News</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/pets" hreflang="en">Pets</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/wellness" hreflang="en">Wellness</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/dogs" hreflang="en">Dogs</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/student-life" hreflang="en">Student Life</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refformats field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/formats/uchicago-creatures" hreflang="en">UChicago Creatures</a></div> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://mag.uchicago.edu/university-news/pet-love" data-a2a-title="Pet love"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_google_plus"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fmag.uchicago.edu%2Funiversity-news%2Fpet-love&amp;title=Pet%20love"></a></span> Wed, 31 Jan 2018 20:40:09 +0000 admin 6732 at https://mag.uchicago.edu UChicago’s Puppy Bowl MVP https://mag.uchicago.edu/university-news/uchicagos-puppy-bowl-mvp <div class="field field--name-field-letter-box-story-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/1601_Gregg_Puppy-Bowl-MVP.jpg" width="1600" height="743" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/profile/jmiller" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jmiller</span></span> <span>Thu, 01/28/2016 - 10:41</span> <div class="field field--name-field-caption field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Watch Graham House dog Cooper in Puppy Bowl XII on February 7, 2016, at 2 p.m. CST. (Courtesy Animal Planet)</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refauthors field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field--label sr-only">Author</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field--item"> <div about="/author/helen-gregg-ab09"> <a href="/author/helen-gregg-ab09"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Helen Gregg, AB’09</div> </a> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refsource field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/publication-sources/web-exclusives" hreflang="en">Web exclusives</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-text field--label-hidden field--item">01.28.2016</div> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Max Palevsky resident Cooper will tumble and play his way to glory on Super Bowl Sunday.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>On Super Bowl Sunday, residents of <a href="http://housing.uchicago.edu/houses_houses/max_palevsky_residential_commons/graham_house/" target="_blank">Graham House</a> in <a href="http://housing.uchicago.edu/houses_houses/max_palevsky_residential_commons/" target="_blank">Max Palevsky Residential Commons</a> will gather to watch one of their own compete in the big game—and cheer each “linebarker” dodged and each chew toy run in for a touchdown.</p> <p>Cooper, a Great Pyrenees/Collie mix owned by <a href="http://housing.uchicago.edu/community_living/resident_staff/resident_head/" target="_blank">resident heads</a> Tim Johnson and Michelle Skinner (right), is on Team Fluff in <a href="http://www.animalplanet.com/tv-shows/puppy-bowl/about-this-show/about-puppy-bowl/" target="_blank">Puppy Bowl XII</a>, airing on Animal Planet on February 7. An all-canine, all-adorable version of football’s biggest showdown, the Puppy Bowl features <a href="http://www.animalplanet.com/tv-shows/puppy-bowl/photos/puppy-bowl-xii-starting-lineup/" target="_blank">49 rescue pups</a> playing around in a miniature stadium.</p> <p>First broadcast in 2005 as an aww-inducing Super Bowl alternative, the two-hour special uses cuteness to promote pet adoption and now includes chicken cheerleaders, a Hall of Fame, and a Kitty Halftime Show. Last year <a href="http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/envelope/cotown/la-et-ct-puppy-bowl-kitten-bowl-tv-ratings-20150203-story.html" target="_blank">10.4 million people tuned in</a>.</p> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Cooper" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="dcc6b958-aa53-4e15-9985-e9f7d6d258b2" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/1601_Gregg_Puppy-Bowl-MVP_spotA.png" /><figcaption>Cooper’s publicity shot for Puppy Bowl XII. (Courtesy Animal Planet)</figcaption></figure></div> <p>Skinner and Johnson adopted Cooper from <a href="http://www.pawschicago.org" target="_blank">PAWS Chicago</a> in August, and a few weeks later the organization asked for photos of him for a “media appearance.”</p> <p>During <a href="https://orientation.uchicago.edu/page/o-week" target="_blank">O-Week</a>, Skinner, AM’15, a doctoral candidate in the <a href="http://english.uchicago.edu" target="_blank">English department</a>, was doing research in <a href="http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/scrc/" target="_blank">Special Collections</a> when she got the call that Cooper had been picked to play for the Vince Lombarki Trophy. “I was like, ‘Can you say that again?’” she says. “It was so exciting.”</p> <p>A nondisclosure agreement kept the couple from telling anyone about Cooper’s spot on <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/teamfluff" target="_blank">#TeamFluff</a> until earlier this month, which meant covert Puppy Bowl prep before the October pretaping.</p> <p>They trained Cooper to move toys around to practice scoring puppy touchdowns. Homecoming and other UChicago fall events gave them an excuse to have him practice wearing a bandana around his neck, an essential Puppy Bowl skill.</p> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Cooper" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="0c099c34-2562-4acf-a380-c49fe2ec0650" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/1601_Gregg_Puppy-Bowl-MVP_spotB.png" /><figcaption>Cooper models the UChicago bandana he used to train for the Puppy Bowl. (Photography by Helen Gregg, AB’09)</figcaption></figure></div> <p>Resident head duties meant Skinner and Johnson couldn’t attend the pretaping in New York, so “we’ll be on the edge of our seats” during the broadcast, says Skinner. They’re hosting a viewing party for the whole residence hall, which is filled with Cooper fans—especially the 85 students in Graham House.</p> <p>Cooper, and the students’ affection for him, has been a boon to the first-year resident heads. “We call him our most effective RH tool,” says Skinner. Upset students often ask to pet the dog for a few minutes, after which they’re more willing to open up and talk. During finals week, students can sign up to “check out” Cooper for 30-minute increments for stress relief, and a Thanksgiving weekend outing with the dog helped alleviate some students’ homesickness.</p> <p>Cooper isn’t allowed in student rooms and certain other parts of the building, but “even some of the students with dog allergies will come by and pet him for a little while and then go wash their hands really quickly,” says Johnson.</p> <div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Cooper" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="ac3be3a7-fe4e-40f5-adaa-e6c3412738a0" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/1601_Gregg_Puppy-Bowl-MVP_spotD.png" /><figcaption>Cooper is a Great Pyrenees/Collie mix. (Courtesy Animal Planet)</figcaption></figure></div> <p>Cooper’s popularity extends beyond Graham House, says Johnson. “People who we have no idea who they are know his name and approach him and pet him and he loves it, he just loves the attention.” Skinner is pretty sure that’s why Cooper likes to play outside near the large windows of the Reg, because he knows he’s being watched. He also loves the Classics quads, she says, since it’s “a big dog hangout spot.” (One of his most recent playmates there was the dog of a Nobel Prize winner.)</p> <p>Cooper is completely at home on campus, says Skinner. “He definitely feels like he owns the place.”</p> <hr /><h2>Fun facts about Cooper</h2> <ul><li>Loves each of the 85 students he lives with in Graham House  </li> <li>Has a crush on Gracie, a dog who lives in Max Palevsky East  </li> <li>Looks up to Scout, the service dog of Tim’s brother  </li> <li>Hopes to graduate at the top of his obedience school class  </li> <li>Dreams of catching a ball at Wrigley Field</li> </ul><div class="story-inline-img"> <figure role="group"><img alt="Cooper" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="6e53adac-4c60-4b1e-bd8a-a288163e4c8a" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/1601_Gregg_Puppy-Bowl-MVP_spotC_0.png" /><figcaption>Cooper in his Cubs jersey. (Photo courtesy Michelle Skinner)</figcaption></figure></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-reftopic field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/topics/university-news" hreflang="en">University News</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/football" hreflang="en">Football</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/dogs" hreflang="en">Dogs</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/student-life" hreflang="en">Student Life</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/super-bowl" hreflang="en">Super Bowl</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refformats field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/formats/uchicago-creatures" hreflang="en">UChicago Creatures</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-relatedstories field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>“<a href="http://mag.uchicago.edu/law-policy-society/super-bowl-shuffle" target="_self">Super Bowl Shuffle</a>” (<em>University of Chicago Magazine</em>, web exclusives, 01.29.2015)<br /> “<a href="http://mag.uchicago.edu/university-news/dog’s-life" target="_self">This Dog’s Life</a>” (<em>University of Chicago Magazine</em>, web exclusives, 08.08.2014)<br /> “<a href="http://thecore.uchicago.edu/Summer2014/departments/uchicago-creatures.shtml" target="_blank">Big Dog on Campus</a>” (<em>Core</em>, web exclusives, Summer/14)<br /> “<a href="http://www.chicagobooth.edu/capideas/blog/2014/may/nfl-draft-day-wisdom-from-richard-thaler" target="_blank">NFL Draft Day Wisdom from Richard Thaler</a>” (<em>Capital Ideas Blog</em>, 05.08.2014)<br /> “<a href="http://divinity.uchicago.edu/sightings/sweetness-and-super-bowl" target="_blank">Sweetness and the Super Bowl</a>” (<em>Sightings</em>, 02.01.2007)<br /> “<a href="http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0508/peer/studies.shtml" target="_blank">Dog Days of Summer</a>” (<em>University of Chicago Magazine</em>, Aug/05)</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-relatedlinks field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Learn more about <a href="http://housing.uchicago.edu/houses_houses/max_palevsky_residential_commons/graham_house/" target="_blank">Graham House</a>. Watch this year’s Puppy Bowl pregame show at <a href="http://www.animalplanet.com/tv-shows/puppy-bowl" target="_blank">Animal Planet</a>. <a href="http://campaign.uchicago.edu/priorities/college/creating-a-vibrant-campus-community/" target="_blank">Join the campaign</a> and help create a vibrant community that provides rich opportunities for students to live, eat, study, and socialize together.</p> </div> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://mag.uchicago.edu/university-news/uchicagos-puppy-bowl-mvp" data-a2a-title="UChicago’s Puppy Bowl MVP"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_google_plus"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fmag.uchicago.edu%2Funiversity-news%2Fuchicagos-puppy-bowl-mvp&amp;title=UChicago%E2%80%99s%20Puppy%20Bowl%20MVP"></a></span> Thu, 28 Jan 2016 16:41:18 +0000 jmiller 5394 at https://mag.uchicago.edu Dogs ruled the streets https://mag.uchicago.edu/law-policy-society/dogs-ruled-streets <div class="field field--name-field-letter-box-story-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/1304_Tenorio_Dogs.jpg" width="700" height="325" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/profile/rsmith" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">rsmith</span></span> <span>Thu, 02/28/2013 - 10:02</span> <div class="field field--name-field-caption field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span class="description">Mexican hairless dog. (Photography by <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/99252477@N00/2228625578" target="_blank">Alfredo and Sara Aguirre</a>, CC BY-SA 2.0) </span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refauthors field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field--label sr-only">Author</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field--item"> <div about="/author/mauricio-tenorio-trillo"> <a href="/author/mauricio-tenorio-trillo"> <div class="field field--name-name field--type-string field--label-hidden field--item">Mauricio Tenorio Trillo</div> </a> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-refsource field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/publication-sources/web-exclusives" hreflang="en">Web exclusives</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-text field--label-hidden field--item">03.11.2013</div> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>In an excerpt from his new book, <em>I Speak of the City</em>, Mauricio Tenorio Trillo chronicles the canine history of Mexico’s capital.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><blockquote><p><strong>Dogs</strong></p> <p><em>hablo de la ciudad ...</em><br /> <em> de los perros errabundos, que son nuestros franciscanos y</em><br /> <em> nuestros bhikkus, los perros que desentierran los huesos del sol …</em><br /> <em> —Octavio Paz, “Hablo de la Ciudad”</em></p></blockquote> <p>The interaction between science and the city can be seen through an obscure character of the sidewalk, an unmissable one in the streets of Mexico City in 1880, in 1930, or today; namely, the dog. Dogs have been the companions of beggars and street children and the indispensable presence in markets and <em>vecindades</em>; they have been loved, feared, and killed; matter of science and matter of literature. In pre-Hispanic times, dogs were urban companions, sources of much-needed animal protein, and also the escorts in the one-way trip to the underworld. Bernal Diaz del Castillo found the dogs of Tenochtitlán astounding with their quasi-hairless nature and their peculiar attribute: no barking.</p> <p>In the <em>barrio</em> of Acolman, an entire market was devoted to the commerce of these voiceless dogs. The various kinds of <em>itzcuintli</em> (pre-Hispanic dogs) gradually procreated with the dogs brought by the Spaniards, and by the eighteenth century the city was a pack of dogs. A part of the city was then known as <em>la isla de los perros</em>, because, as historian Artemio del Valle-Arizpe records, during the many floods suffered by the city, dogs found refuge in high areas of the city, waiting for the water to come down so that they could go in search of needed food.</p> <p>In fact, even in the pre-Pasteurian era the countless dogs were a steady problem for the city—they were believed to carry illness, odors, and dangers, especially when they trudged the streets in packs. In 1792, according to the curious chronicler Francisco Sedano, Viceroy Revillagigedo ordered the first of the many massacres of dogs that would continue for three centuries. Sedano explained that there were so many dogs in the city that <em>guardafaroles </em> (men in charge of lighting lampposts) were paid four pesos for every hundred dead dogs, and thus, said Sedano, by 1792 dogs were gone from the city, but only to become a problem once again the next year. By 1798, for instance, dog killers reported 2,718 sacrificed dogs in February alone, and 9,213 in January 1799.<a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(1)</a> By 1820, the city government still paid for dead dogs, and an official report on the overpopulation of dogs stated that people protected stray dogs unaware of dogs’ dangers, especially for women. The odd report feared of course not rabies but women who “have for dogs a vehement passion, though when dogs are in heat they rapidly hug anyone who offers them any warmth and thus they are very dangerous and should never be allowed inside girls’ toilets.”<a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(2)</a></p> <p>Starting in 1880, with the steady growth in size and prosperity of the city, dogs once again became a very serious problem, especially if seen through the new Pasteurian sanitary concerns of scientists and bureaucrats. In 1888, sanitary codes from all over the world were studied, and Eduardo Liceaga, the most important hygienist of Porfirian Mexico, traveled to the Pasteur Institute in Paris to bring the rabies vaccine.<a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(3)</a> Thus he traveled back to Mexico with rabbits carrying the vaccine. The new science of the city thus started to make of dogs dangerous inhabitants of the sidewalk. A new sanitary code was passed, and Liceaga, together with engineers Roberto Gayol and Miguel Ángel de Quevedo, was placed in charge of cleaning the city and redesigning its sanitary profile.<a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(4)</a> But over the Porfirian years a new technology against rabies was developed: decades of dog massacres.</p> <p>In late nineteenth-century Mexico City, dogs seemed to be totally out of control. In the surroundings of the city, people feared the attacks by packs of wild dogs that traveled from the city to nearby towns. In the marketplaces, where food was abundant, the dogs were epidemic. Starting in the 1890s, the city government signed yearly contracts with private contractors to exterminate dogs. The science was there to justify such an action; although many advocated similar measures regarding rats, especially in periods of Bubonic plague and typhus epidemics, no other animal seems to have been targeted as strongly as dogs in Mexico City. Horses and mules were often part of the sidewalk experience in Mexico City, and people often complained of the mistreatment of animals in the streets. But only dogs, as <em>El País</em> put it in 1904, “ramble over streets and plazas in complete freedom and as if protected by the exclusive privileges of their species.”<a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(5)</a> Indeed, dogs ruled the streets.</p> <p>The contract signed in 1902 with Rafael M. Carmona for the killing of dogs is emblematic of the various contracts that were signed between 1890 and 1909. The city's government, through the Junta de Saneamiento, visited the establishment (in Santa Cruz Acatán) where the dogs were kept after capture. The government specified that dogs with no identification be collected and kept in captivity for twelve days, and if they were unclaimed, killed in special cremation ovens, which were designed according to a new technology of mass killing: gas chambers and cremation ovens that collected and used dog fat. This kind of contract was complemented by other contracts signed in the 1900s with entrepreneurs specialized in placing chunks of poisoned meat in different parts of the city to kill street dogs. The person in charge of this killing reported monthly and by section of the city the number of dogs killed.<a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(6)</a> For ten years, many contractors were hired to kill, poison, liquidate in massive gas chambers, and cremate in gigantic ovens thousands of dogs. In one single month in 1905, for instance, one of the eight districts of the city reported up to 800 dogs killed. And that was only one month and one district.</p> <p>The final solution, however, did not work. During the difficult years of hunger and violence, 1914 and 1915, dogs were a real threat in the nearby countryside and within the city. In 1915, the revolutionary city government, like the Porfirian one, hired a private contractor to massacre dogs in the streets of the city. As in Porfirian times, people complained, for poisoned meat was placed through the city, and many non-stray dogs died. By 1928, the city established laws for the possession of dogs.<a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(7)</a> Over the revolutionary years, dogs abounded in the city, while in the surrounding area, they increased their numbers with the coming and going of revolutionary troops. Every revolutionary platoon, either Zapatista or Villista, included many dogs. Famous photos of the Revolution have seemed a depiction of peasants, sombreros, and <em>soldaderas</em>, but if one looks carefully, there it is: the dog.</p> <p>By 1920, the city government estimated a population of thirty thousand stray dogs, and sought more humane approaches; many people seemed to object to Porfirian-like final solutions. Dogs were defended by people, stated a 1920 report, for both sentimental and practical reasons: they were companions of beggars, street children, and vendors, as well as part of the life of <em>vecindades</em>. But also their feces were useful in treating leather, and dogs cleaned streets and plazas of dead birds and rodents; they protected against thefts; and above all they provided warmth and companionship: people and dogs, said the 1920s report, made public displays of physical affection “¡horrible inhumanidad!”<a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(8)</a></p> <p>In fact, the dogs won against both the city and the Revolution, and survived so that nowadays they populate the entire city’s streets, the <em>taquerías</em>, cantinas, and markets. And in some part of the city, dogs survived to exercise, as in European cities, the only new form of citizenship imagined by the Western world since the French Revolution: dogship and catship—the new first-class citizenship of European cities.</p> <p>Science, dogs, and streets were not only a matter of extermination. Dogs were also important participants in the growth of scientific institutions in Mexico City. In view of their availability, dogs were used in laboratories to investigate typhus, rabies, and even the effects of marijuana and <em>pulque</em> consumption. In 1910, doctors reported the story of a dog fed only with <em>pulque</em> for a fortnight. The animal became slow, sleepy, and grew fat until his liver and belly exploded.<a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(9)</a> In epic research on typhus fever, many dogs were used as flea and lice carriers and as rat catchers. And in markets dogs served as tasters of all sort of foods.</p> <p>School recitations, popular verses, and the urban language as a whole had also incorporated the dog. In the 1890s, one of the most popular poets, one who was recited aloud in schools and public events, M. J. Othón, using the voice of a dog, expressed, alas in a very tacky fashion, dogs’ loyalty:</p> <blockquote><p><em>no temas mi señor: estoy alerta</em><br /> <em> y si llegara con paso taciturno</em><br /> <em> la muerte, con mi aullido lastimero</em><br /> <em> también te avisaré ... ¡descansa y duerme!</em></p> <p>Fear not, my lord, I am alert<br /> and if death with silent step were to come<br /> with my pitiful howl<br /> I’ll also warn you ... you rest and sleep!</p></blockquote> <p>And the most modernist literary magazine, <em>La Revista Moderna</em>, included an illustration by Roberto Montenegro—the expressive and tender face of a dog called Mr. Bonifax—and a poem by Diego Fernández Espiro, whose dog, Monsieur Bonifax, was not a dog but a Nietszchean superman:</p> <blockquote><p><em>Por mi parte he llegado a pensar y no yerro,</em><br /> <em> que Monsieur Bonifax, superhombre,</em><br /> <em> se ha ocultado en la forma de perro.</em></p> <p>For my part, I have come to think and I don’t err,<br /> that Monsieur Bonifax, superman,<br /> has hidden in the form of a dog.</p></blockquote> <p>After the Revolution, when the city regained its centrality, once again the dog gained the attention of urban dwellers. Describing a walk, 1920s poet Miguel Aguillón Guzmán wrote a vanguard description of the sidewalk in which the dog became the central place of memory: “Se desploman de sueño los semáforos ... /El ladrido de un perro se me ha enredado al cuello” (The stoplights collapse of sleep ... /The barking of a dog has wrapped around my neck). The dogs’ voice became thus part of the melancholy produced by the sidewalks. For poets and ramblers not only feared stray dogs, but also loved them, pitied them. In 1912, in a modernist magazine a young Gregorio López y Fuentes—who would eventually become a prominent novelist of the Revolution—published his fascination with the dog in the streets: “So life looks at the rheumatic dog, and as it is a life of meditation, after meditating the dog finds the ennui and then, raising its pointed snout, howls; howl that only it and the other dogs can tell whether is a moan or a song inspired by nocturnal peace . . .”</p> <p>The dogs frequently constituted a metaphor of loyalty, sacrifice, and victimhood that was even more relevant in view of their natural background: the unbound city. In 1925, poet Juan B. Delgado wrote an urban story in verse in which the dog is the city's soul and spirit, betrayed by humans’ cruelty and by progress and technology: “Like a formless mush” an emaciated dog lay beside the road, killed by a car, and a passerby cum philosopher claims:</p> <blockquote><p><em>—hombre cruel, si así pagas el cariño</em><br /> <em> del que te amaba con sinceros mimos,</em><br /> <em> que ha de esperarme a mí, que latigazos</em><br /> <em> recibo como premio a mi trabajo.</em><br /> <em> Malhaya sea el hombre y su progreso</em><br /> <em> si la muerte ha de dar con sus inventos.</em><a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(10)</a></p> <p>Cruel man, if thus you pay the love<br /> of that which loved you with sincere affection<br /> what is in wait for me, that get lashes<br /> as a reward for my work.<br /> Cursed be man and his progress<br /> if death is to come from his inventions.</p></blockquote> <p>The emergence of urban short stories and novels meant the transcription of the feeling that the dog produces in the streets. In 1907, Ricardo Colt wrote the novel <em>Es el amor que pasa</em> ... <em>La novela de los perros</em>: modernist love equated to a bitch in heat, followed by many stray dogs in the streets of the city, expressing in their desire all the atavism that science, romanticism, and liberalism assigned to Mexicans.<a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(11)</a> Carlos Noriega Hope, an urban bohemian, artist, and vanguard writer, wrote a short story in 1923 in which Ernesto, a typical urban <em>inadaptado </em>(misfit), reached his house and faced a stray dog's gaze: “On the threshold, curled up, slept a stray dog, pressing his ribs against the wall as if eagerly seeking a centimeter of protection. Ernesto did not pay attention to the dog until its two timid little eyes fixedly faced at his greatcoat (<em>hopalanda</em>). It was a gray gaze full of a mute despair, which could do nothing, which only sought, as sole offering, a little bit of oblivion.” The dog, like Ernesto, was an <em>inadaptado</em> in the city.<a class="more-link" href="#footnotes">(12)</a></p> <p>The same kind of brotherhood in desperation is found in some photographic images of the city by the 1940s. Helen Levitt’s images of poor neighborhoods are especially telling. These pictures awaken one to the bizarre textures of coexistences on Mexico City’s sidewalks, textures that surprise us both with familiarity—the capturing of a known daily occurrence—but also with grievance—any walker develops ingratitude and blindness in order to live and survive the sidewalks of Mexico City.</p> <p>Thus dogs were at once a scientific problem and an essential part of Mexico City's urban experience. Unsurprisingly, even in the twenty-first century dogs and Mexico City remained inevitably linked, as in the harsh depictions in the successful Mexican film <em>Amores Perros</em> (2001).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a name="footnotes"></a></p> <h4>Notes</h4> <ol> <li>Artemio del Valle-Arizpe, <em>Cuadros de México</em> (Mexico City: Editorial Jus, 1943), 165–&shy;82. Sedano is quoted by Valle-Arizpe; the reference is very likely the García Icazbalceta reedition: Francisco <em>Noticias de México, recogidas por D. Francisco Sedano ... desde el año de 1756, coordinadas, escritas de alfábetico en 1800. Primera impresión, con un pró1ogo del Sr. D. Joaquín García Icazbalceta: Y con notas y apéndices del presbitero V. de P. A. de México”</em> (Mexico City: Impr. De J. R Barbedillo y Ca, 1880). See also “Los perros aztecas y el origen de los perros de hoy,” <em>Anales del Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Historia y Etnografía</em>, 11, quinta época (1937): 90–92.</li> <li>Archivo Histórico del Ayuntamiento, Perros, esp. 12, 1820; Demetrio Medina, “El perro que asesinó a su dueña,” <em>Todo</em>, 11, 83 (April 12, 1935): 45–50.</li> <li>Liceaga’s memoirs, <em>Mis recuerdos otros tiempos</em> (Mexico: n.p., 1949), and his conference in the Hygienic Exposition at the Centenario, “Progresos alcanzados por la higiene de 1810 a la fecha,” in SSA, Box 9, Exp. 9. See also his paper delivered at the Sociedad Pedro Escovedo in 1911, “Algunas consideraciones acerca de la higiene social en Mexico,” SSA, Box 10, Exp. 3. About how the rabies vaccine was brought to Mexico, see <em>Congreso Médico Panamericano</em>, vol. 2 (Mexico, 1896), 899–905. About the way the vaccine was developed in Mexico, see N. Ramírez de Arrellano, “Higiene: Profilaxis de la rabia,” <em>Gaceta Médica de México</em>, 24 (June 1, 1889): 206–9.</li> <li>In 1944, Dr. Gerardo Varela reconsidered Mexico’s Pasteurian history—the various failed rabies vaccines, the creation of an Anti-Rabies Institute, and finally success in 1900 when the vaccine developed by Fernando López Prieto was used in more than three thousand persons who had been attacked by infected dogs, with 2.2% mortality rate. See “Proyecto de Código Sanitario de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, sometido a la Secretaría de Gobernación, 30 de Junio de 1889,” reproduced in José Alvarez, ed., <em>Historia de la salubridad y de la asistencia en México</em>, vol. 3 (Mexico City: Secretaría de Salubridad, 1960), 327–29. Gayol was named general engineer of Mexico City in 1884. Gerardo Varela, “La vacuna antirrábica, su introducción en México,” <em>Gaceta Médica de México</em>, 76 (1946): 19–22; Ana Cecilia Rodríguez de Romo, “La ciencia pasteuriana a través de la vacuna antirrábica: el caso mexicano,” <em>Dynamis</em>, 16 (1996): 291–316.</li> <li>Article in <em>El País</em> (January 22, 1904).</li> <li><em>Memoria del ayuntamiento</em> (1902): 559.</li> <li>AGN GRBI Box 26, exp. 22, “Contrato para matar animales, José Quesada; reglamento de posesión de perros,” in Fondo Plutarco Elías Calles, Archivo Calles-Torreblance, exp. 143, inv. 156618, Dec. 1928.</li> <li>Archivo Histórico del Ayuntamiento, Perros, Suplemento al noticioso general número 736, del viernes 15 de septiembre de 1920.</li> <li><em>Memoria General del IV Congreso Médico Nacional Mexicano, efectuado en la ciudad de México del 19 al 25 de septiembre de 1910, bajo los auspicios de l;a Comisión Nacional del Centenario y el patrocinio de la Secretaría de Instrucción Pública y Bellas Artes</em> (Mexico City: Tipografía Económica, 1910), 122.</li> <li>Gregorio López y Fuentes, in <em>Nosotros: Revista de artes y educación</em> (Dec. 1912): 127; Juan B. Delgado, <em>El cancionero nómada</em> (Mexico City: Herrero Hermanos Sucesores, 1925).</li> <li>Ricardo Colt, <em>Es el amor que pasa ... La novela de los perros</em> (Mexico City: Botas, 1907), 9.</li> <li>Short story by Carlos Noriega Hope, in La inútil curiosidad (Mexico City: n.p., 1923), 135.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoNormal"><em>Excerpted with permission from </em>I Speak of the City: Mexico City at the Turn of the Twentieth Century<em> (University of Chicago Press, 2013) by Mauricio Tenorio Trillo.</em></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-reftopic field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--item"><a href="/topics/law-policy-society" hreflang="en">Law, Policy &amp; Society</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/dogs" hreflang="en">Dogs</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/tags/mexico" hreflang="en">Mexico</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-relatedstories field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>“<a href="../adrift-city">Adrift in the City</a>” (<em>University of Chicago Magazine</em>, Mar–Apr/13) “<a href="../typhus-hunter">Typhus Hunter</a>” (<em>University of Chicago Magazine</em>, March 22, 2013)</p> </div> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://mag.uchicago.edu/law-policy-society/dogs-ruled-streets" data-a2a-title="Dogs ruled the streets"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_google_plus"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fmag.uchicago.edu%2Flaw-policy-society%2Fdogs-ruled-streets&amp;title=Dogs%20ruled%20the%20streets"></a></span> Thu, 28 Feb 2013 16:02:42 +0000 rsmith 1831 at https://mag.uchicago.edu